Understanding Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Kidney stones are a medical condition that affects millions of people worldwide. These small, hard minerals deposits form in the kidneys and can cause excruciating pain and various health complications. However, there’s good news, Union Superspeciality Hospital offers advanced kidney stones treatment in ludhiana

What Are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones or renal calculi, are solid minerals that develop in the kidneys. Kidney stones can vary in size. Kidney stones are primarily composed of calcium oxalate, but they can also consist of other minerals such as uric acid or struvite. 

Causes of Kidney Stones


Dehydration can also lead to kidney Stones. When the body lacks sufficient fluids, urine becomes concentrated, which can lead to the formation of stones.


Consuming a diet high in oxalate-rich foods can increase the risk of developing calcium oxalate kidney stones. High sodium intake can also contribute to stone formation.


A family history of kidney stones may increase an individual’s susceptibility to developing them. 

Certain Medical Conditions

Some medical conditions can increase the likelihood of kidney stone formation.


Certain medications can lead to the formation of kidney stones. 

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones often don’t cause any symptoms until they move within the urinary tract. When this happens, individuals may experience;

Severe Pain

Intense pain in the back or side, just below the ribs are the most common symptoms. This pain can radiate to the lower abdomen and groin.

Frequent Urination

A persistent need to urinate and urinating in small amounts can be indicative of kidney stones.

Cloudy or Foul-Smelling urine

Changes in urine colour and odour may occur.

Nausea and Vomiting

Some individuals may experience nausea and vomiting.

Kidney Stones Diagnosis

If kidney stones are suspected, a healthcare provider may perform the following diagnostic tastes;


X-Rays, CT scans, and ultrasounds can help visualize the stones and their location.


Analysis of a urine sample can detect blood and substances associated with kidney stones. 

Treatment Options

The choice of treatment for kidney stones depends on their size, location, and severity of symptoms. Common treatment options include;

Drinking Plenty of Water

For small stones, drinking ample water to flush the stone out of the urinary system may be sufficient. 


Pain relievers and medications to help the stone pass more easily may be prescribed.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

This non-invasive procedure uses shock waves to break the stone into smaller pieces, making it easier to pass.


A thin tube is inserted through the urethra and bladder to remove or break up larger stones.


In rare cases, surgical removal of the stone may be necessary.

Don’t let kidney stones disrupt your life any longer. At Union Superspeciality Hospital, you have access to cutting-edge treatment options, including laser kidney stone treatment in punjab. Our experienced team of urologists and advanced technology are ready to provide you with relief from the pain and discomfort of kidney stones. 

If you are seeking effective kidney stone treatment, don’t hesitate to contact Union Superspeciality Hospital to schedule a consultation. Break free from the agony of kidney stones and regain your quality of life.

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