What is the Kidney Stone Problem?

Kidney Stone Surgery in Ludhiana

What is the Kidney Stone Problem?

Kidney Stones are hard objects that get formed in your kidneys which are usually made of minerals and salts. There are mainly four types of Kidney stone problem: Calcium oxalate stones, calcium phosphate stones, Struvite stones, Uric acid stones and Cystine Stones. These stones can vary in size and shape which causes pain when passed through the urinary tract. Kidney stones are made when substances such as calcium oxalate, and uric acid increase and crystalize to create solid masses. These crystals start getting stuck to each other and converting into large stones over time. They can be treated by the best kidney stone doctor in ludhiana.


The symptoms of Kidney stone problem varies according to the size of the kidney stone. The more the size of the kidney, the more are the noticeable symptoms of kidney stone:

  • Severe and sharp pain on either side of your lower back
  • Pain comes in fluctuations
  • Painful urination or blood in urine
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fever and chills
  • Cloudy or bad smell urine

In some cases too many stones may get passed with urine and don’t feel painful. But in some cases the kidney stones are not easily passable and cause irritation or blockage. This creates immense pain as well.


The possible causes for the Kidney Stone problem are:

  1. Dehydration which leads to concentrated urine
  2. Diet which is high in substances such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid
  3. Medical Conditions such as hyperparathyroidism and urinary tract infection
  4. Family history in Kidney stone problems or Genetics predisposition


There are different types of kidney stone problems based on the substances that made up the stones:

  • Calcium Oxalate Stones: These are the most common type of stone formation made from calcium and oxalate.
  • Uric acid stone: When there is too much uric acid formation in your urine then it causes the formation of uric acid stones. 
  • Struvite Stones: When you get urine tract infection then it leads to the Struvite Stones.
  • Cystine Stones: These stones are rare and form in people with a hereditary disorder that causes the kidneys to excrete too much of certain amino acids. 

Treatment Options for Kidney Stone Problem:

Some of the options for treating Kidney Stone problem by the best kidney stone doctor in ludhiana are:

  • Drinking a lot of water to pass the small kidney stones while urinating
  • Taking medications for managing the pain
  • Medications to dissolve the kidney stone
  • A treatment procedure named Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is used to break the kidney stone into smaller pieces.
  • Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is performed to remove or break a large stone or big one stone.
  • In some cases surgery is performed to remove those stones which are not removable through any other procedure.

Some basic measures like drinking plenty of water, avoiding food items which are high in Oxalates and dietary changes helps in preventing the formation of kidney stones. If you suspect that you have a kidney stone problem then we suggest you visit the Union Superspeciality Hospital. We have the most advanced treatment procedure and experienced team of doctors who will be providing you with a reasonable and pain free kidney stone surgery cost in ludhiana.

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